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Internal Reasons PDF
Author: Kieran Setiya
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262016483
Size: 66.82 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 385
View: 7698

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Internal Reasons

by Kieran Setiya, Internal Reasons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Internal Reasons books, Some of the most challenging questions in philosophical ethics concern thejustification of action. Can you have reasons to do something that you are not, and perhaps cannotbe, motivated to do? If reasons rest on desires, why respect the rights and interests of others whendoing so prevents us from getting what we want? In other words, why be moral? In his 1979 essay,"Internal and External Reasons," Bernard Williams framed the dispute about reason andmotivation in a way that captured the philosophical imagination. An explosion of work on reasons andaction followed, with influential responses by Christine Korsgaard, John McDowell, and MichaelSmith. This volume collects the most important work on the topic, including Williams's seminalessay, the responses by Korsgaard, McDowell, and Smith, and more recent contributions by centralfigures. Taken together, the selections offer a comprehensive survey of state-of-the-art work oninternal reasons and a distinctive, focused approach to foundational questions of ethicalobjectivity. A substantive introduction by Kieran Setiya skillfully guides the reader through thetheoretical and conceptual terrain, explaining what is at stake in the largerdebate. The hardcover edition does not include a dust jacket.


[PDF] Internal And External Reasons Download

 Internal and external reasons  PDF
Author: Kerstin Zimmermann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640583426
Size: 47.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 15
View: 6264

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Internal And External Reasons

by Kerstin Zimmermann, Internal And External Reasons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Internal And External Reasons books, Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Philosophie - Philosophie des 20. Jahrhunderts / Gegenwart, Note: 2,0, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (Institut für Philosophie), Veranstaltung: Seminar "Willensschwäche", Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Eng mit dem Begriff der Moral verknüpft erstreckt sich in der philosophischen Handlungstheorie eine langjährige Debatte um die Bewertung von Handlungen. So richtet das Konzept der Tugendethik sein Augenmerk auf die Motivation einer Handlung, deontische Ethiken hingegen auf die Handlungsintentionen. Im Gegensatz dazu erachtet die konsequentialistische Position die Folgen einer Handlung als moralisch relevant. Eine entscheidende Frage all dieser Konzepte ist die nach den Handlungsgründen. Es gibt Handlungen, denen eine Entscheidung vorausgeht, ähnlich wie bei der Speisewahl in einem Restaurant. Gleichwohl gibt es Handlungen, die ohne eine klare Willensentscheidung umgesetzt werden, wie zum Beispiel das Tragen einer Jacke bei kaltem Wetter. Jedoch tritt ein weiterer Fall auf, wenn sich jemand zwar für eine Handlung entschlossen hat, sie aber dennoch nicht ausführt, sei es aufgrund einer Umentscheidung oder aus Willensschwäche. Orientiert an diesen Beispielen sind die vorangehenden Willensakte weder notwendig noch hinreichend für die Handlung. Was aber begründet folglich Handlungen? Anknüpfend an Humes Theorie der Motivation hat Bernard Williams eine Ansicht entwickelt, die er selbst als „Internalismus“ bezeichnet (Vgl., Heuer 2001, S. 121). In seinem Aufsatz „Internal and external reasons“ (Williams, 1981) versucht er zu zeigen, dass lediglich interne Gründe handlungsmotivierend sind. Anliegen der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, zunächst nachzuvollziehen, wie Williams in seiner Argumentation seine internalistische Auffassung zu belegen versucht. Hierfür sollen einerseits enthaltene relevante Begriffe und Beispiele vorgestellt sowie erläutert und andererseits seine Argumente gesondert konkretisiert werden. Um sich der Problematik anzunähern, ob Williams‘ Argumentation plausibel ist, soll im Weiteren interessieren, bei welchen Aspekten sich Einwände ansetzen ließen. Als geeignet hierfür erscheint eine Gegenüberstellung mit John McDowells externalistischer Position. Die Diskussion seiner Kritikpunkte und Ansätze in „Might there be external reasons?“ (McDowell, 1995) soll schlussendlich eine Beantwortung der zentralen Fragestellung ermöglichen.


[PDF] Modern Social Contract Theory Download

Modern Social Contract Theory PDF
Author: Albert Weale
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198853548
Size: 73.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 1620

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Modern Social Contract Theory

by Albert Weale, Modern Social Contract Theory Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Modern Social Contract Theory books, Modern Social Contract Theory provides an exposition and evaluation of major work in social contract theory from 1950 to the present. It locates the central themes of that theory in the intellectual legacy of utilitarianism, particularly the problems of defining principles of justice and of showing the grounds of moral obligation. It demonstrates how theorists responded in a novel way to the dilemmas articulated in utilitarianism, developing in their different approaches a constructivist method in ethics, a method that aimed to vindicate a liberal, democratic and just political order. A distinctive feature of the book is its comparative approach. By placing the works of Barry, Buchanan and Tullock, Harsanyi, Gauthier, Grice, Rawls, and Scanlon alongside one another, similarities and differences are brought out, most notably in the way in which principles are derived by each author from the contractual construction as well as the extent to which the obligation to adopt those principles can be rationally grounded. Each theory is placed in its particular intellectual context. Special attention is paid to the contrasting theories of rationality adopted by the different authors, whether that be utility theory or a deliberative conception of rationality, with the intention of assessing how far the principles advanced can be justified by reference to the hypothetical choices of rational contracting agents. The book concludes with a discussion of some principal objections to the enterprise of contract theory, and offers its own programme for the future of that theory taking the form of the empirical method.


[PDF] A Statement Of Reasons For Not Believing The Doctrines Of Trinitarians Respecting The Nature Of God And The Person Of Christ By A Norton Occasioned By Professor S S Letters To Mr Channing First Published In The Christian Disciple Download

A Statement of reasons for not believing the doctrines of Trinitarians respecting the nature of God  and the person of Christ  By A  Norton  Occasioned by Professor S  s letters to Mr  Channing  First published in the Christian Disciple PDF
Author: Moses STUART
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 79.39 MB
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Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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A Statement Of Reasons For Not Believing The Doctrines Of Trinitarians Respecting The Nature Of God And The Person Of Christ By A Norton Occasioned By Professor S S Letters To Mr Channing First Published In The Christian Disciple

by Moses STUART, A Statement Of Reasons For Not Believing The Doctrines Of Trinitarians Respecting The Nature Of God And The Person Of Christ By A Norton Occasioned By Professor S S Letters To Mr Channing First Published In The Christian Disciple Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Statement Of Reasons For Not Believing The Doctrines Of Trinitarians Respecting The Nature Of God And The Person Of Christ By A Norton Occasioned By Professor S S Letters To Mr Channing First Published In The Christian Disciple books,


[PDF] Conjugial Love And Its Chaste Delights Also Adulterous Love And Its Sinful Pleasures Download

Conjugial Love and Its Chaste Delights   Also  Adulterous Love and Its Sinful Pleasures PDF
Author: Emanuel Swedenborg
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 68.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Marriage
Languages : en
Pages : 472
View: 5416

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Conjugial Love And Its Chaste Delights Also Adulterous Love And Its Sinful Pleasures

by Emanuel Swedenborg, Conjugial Love And Its Chaste Delights Also Adulterous Love And Its Sinful Pleasures Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Conjugial Love And Its Chaste Delights Also Adulterous Love And Its Sinful Pleasures books,


[PDF] Publications Download

Publications PDF
Author: Chaucer Society (London, England)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Publications

by Chaucer Society (London, England), Publications Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Publications books,