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[PDF] Internal Reasons Download

Internal Reasons PDF
Author: Kieran Setiya
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262516402
Size: 35.65 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 385
View: 2233

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Internal Reasons

by Kieran Setiya, Internal Reasons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Internal Reasons books, A collection of the most important recent work on reasons for action and the question "why be moral?" Some of the most challenging questions in philosophical ethics concern the justification of action. Can you have reasons to do something that you are not, and perhaps cannot be, motivated to do? If reasons rest on desires, why respect the rights and interests of others when doing so prevents us from getting what we want? In other words, why be moral? In his 1979 essay, "Internal and External Reasons," Bernard Williams framed the dispute about reason and motivation in a way that captured the philosophical imagination. An explosion of work on reasons and action followed, with influential responses by Christine Korsgaard, John McDowell, and Michael Smith. This volume collects the most important work on the topic, including Williams's seminal essay, the responses by Korsgaard, McDowell, and Smith, and more recent contributions by central figures. Taken together, the selections offer a comprehensive survey of state-of-the-art work on internal reasons and a distinctive, focused approach to foundational questions of ethical objectivity. A substantive introduction by Kieran Setiya skillfully guides the reader through the theoretical and conceptual terrain, explaining what is at stake in the larger debate.


[PDF] Making Sense Of Humanity Download

Making Sense of Humanity PDF
Author: Bernard Williams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521478687
Size: 44.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 251
View: 6689

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Making Sense Of Humanity

by Bernard Williams, Making Sense Of Humanity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Making Sense Of Humanity books, Collection of philosophical papers


[PDF] Doing Things For Reasons Download

Doing Things for Reasons PDF
Author: Rudiger Bittner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190286725
Size: 63.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 5972

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Doing Things For Reasons

by Rudiger Bittner, Doing Things For Reasons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Doing Things For Reasons books, What exactly are the reasons we do things, and how are they related to the resulting actions? Bittner explores this question and proposes an answer: a reason is a response to that state of affairs. Elegantly written, this work is a substantial contribution to the fields of rationality, ethics, and action theory.


[PDF] Reasons For Action And The Law Download

Reasons for Action and the Law PDF
Author: M.C. Redondo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401591415
Size: 14.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 3731

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Reasons For Action And The Law

by M.C. Redondo, Reasons For Action And The Law Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reasons For Action And The Law books, A focus on reasons for action and practical reason is the perspective chosen by many contemporary legal philosophers for the analysis of some central questions of their discipline. This book offers a critical evaluation of that approach, by carefully examining the empirical, logical and normative problems hidden behind the concepts of `reason for action' and `practical reasoning'. Unlike most other works in this field, it is a meta-theoretical study which analyses and compares how different theories use the notion of reason in their reconstruction of problems concerning issues such as normativity, the acceptance of norms, or the justification of judicial decisions. This book is directed primarily to scholars specializing in legal theory and concerned with the contribution practical philosophy can make to it, but it also contains important arguments and insights for all those interested in the controversy between legal positivists and their critics, in the theory of human action or in reason-based practical theories in general.


[PDF] Moral Luck Download

Moral Luck PDF
Author: Bernard Williams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521286916
Size: 20.78 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 173
View: 3627

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Moral Luck

by Bernard Williams, Moral Luck Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Moral Luck books, Moral Luck centres on questions of moral philosophy and the theory of rational action. That whole area has of course been strikingly reinvigorated over the last decade, and philosophers have both broadened and deepened their concerns in a way that now makes much earlier moral and political philosophy look sterile and trivial.


[PDF] Encyclopedia Of Ethics P W Download

Encyclopedia of Ethics  P W PDF
Author: Lawrence C. Becker
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415936750
Size: 28.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Ethics
Languages : en
Pages : 1977
View: 4711

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Encyclopedia Of Ethics P W

by Lawrence C. Becker, Encyclopedia Of Ethics P W Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Ethics P W books, A revised, expanded and updated edition with contributions by 325 renowned authorities in the field of ethics. All of the original articles have been newly peer-reviewed and revised, bibliographies have been updated throughout, and the overall design of the work has been enhanced for easier access to cross-references and other reference features.


[PDF] Morality Download

Morality PDF
Author: Bernard Gert
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195122569
Size: 39.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 5670

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Morality

by Bernard Gert, Morality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Morality books, In this final revision of the classic work, the author has produced the fullest and most sophisticated account of this influential theoretical model. Here, he makes clear that morality is an informal system that does not provide unique answers to every moral question but does always limit the range of morally acceptable options, and so explains why some moral disagreements cannot be resolved. The importance placed on the moral ideals also makes clear that the moral rules are only one part of the moral system. A chapter that is devoted to justifying violations of the rules illustrates how the moral rules are embedded in the system and cannot be adequately understood independently of it. The chapter on reasons includes a new account of what makes one reason better than another and elucidates the complex hybrid nature of rationality.


[PDF] Varieties Of Practical Reasoning Download

Varieties of Practical Reasoning PDF
Author: Elijah Millgram
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262632201
Size: 34.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 487
View: 1953

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Varieties Of Practical Reasoning

by Elijah Millgram, Varieties Of Practical Reasoning Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Varieties Of Practical Reasoning books, An overview of the philosophical subfield of practical reasoning.


[PDF] Rationality In Action Download

Rationality in Action PDF
Author: John R. Searle
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262250610
Size: 33.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 5090

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Rationality In Action

by John R. Searle, Rationality In Action Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rationality In Action books, The study of rationality and practical reason, or rationality in action, has been central to Western intellectual culture. In this invigorating book, John Searle lays out six claims of what he calls the Classical Model of rationality and shows why they are false. He then presents an alternative theory of the role of rationality in thought and action. A central point of Searle's theory is that only irrational actions are directly caused by beliefs and desires—for example, the actions of a person in the grip of an obsession or addiction. In most cases of rational action, there is a gap between the motivating desire and the actual decision making. The traditional name for this gap is "freedom of the will." According to Searle, all rational activity presupposes free will. For rationality is possible only where one has a choice among various rational as well as irrational options. Unlike many philosophical tracts, Rationality in Action invites the reader to apply the author's ideas to everyday life. Searle shows, for example, that contrary to the traditional philosophical view, weakness of will is very common. He also points out the absurdity of the claim that rational decision making always starts from a consistent set of desires. Rational decision making, he argues, is often about choosing between conflicting reasons for action. In fact, humans are distinguished by their ability to be rationally motivated by desire-independent reasons for action. Extending his theory of rationality to the self, Searle shows how rational deliberation presupposes an irreducible notion of the self. He also reveals the idea of free will to be essentially a thesis of how the brain works.